political thought of Spinoza
political thought of Spinoza

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The assistant teacher in the college of Arts, History Section Bashar Sa'doon Al-Saa'idi, issued a book titled ( THE POKITICAL THOUGHTS OF THE PHILOSOPHER SPINOZA) which were firstly a thesis presented to gain the master degree.

Assistant teacher Bashar said that his book consists of three chapter the first chapter shed light on Spinoza's life , theory and house. Whereas the second chapter treated the relationship between religion and state from a rational realistic perspective according to Spinoza's knowledge perspectives. As for the third and the last one elaborated that Spinoza has established a state based on a rational realistic basis, and completed his theory in politics and the relationship between religion and state on these two bases.

Who is Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes's mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely. Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."